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Fall Colors are Here!

Tellico Village - Lakeside Real EState Group - retire East TennesseeFall colors are starting to shine brightly across Tellico Lake and its numerous communities. It is a change that happens every autumn when the leaves turn from greens to red, orange and yellow. Together with cooler temperatures, fall is a perfect time to be in the great outdoors – and a perfect time to take a hike! The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is not far away and conveniently located just across the river from Tellico Village, East Lakeshore Trail is home to seven different trails with one more under construction. Each trail is unique and the seven trails combined provide almost 26 miles worth exploring.

As the days get cooler and frost is in the air, deciduous trees and shrubs put on an autumn show in all shades of red, yellow, purple, and brown. The splendor of crisp fall days and vibrant leaves brings to mind memories for nearly everyone who lives in an area where deciduous forests are the dominant vegetation. In many parts of the country, autumn leaves are an important factor in tourism.

Many think that cool weather or frost cause the leaves to change color. While temperature may dictate the color and its intensity, it is only one of many environmental factors that play a part in painting deciduous woodlands in glorious fall colors.

Did you know that green is not the true color of the leaf? Leaves produce chlorophyll, which is the green pigment found in plants.

Together with light, water and air, chlorophyll makes it possible for plants, through the process of photosynthesis to make food. Plans produce chlorophyll in the warm months, but as it gets cooler they stop producing chlorophyll.

Plants also produce carotenoids, which absorb light energy for use in photosynthesis and protect chlorophyll. Carotenoids are much more visible in vegetables. It turns carrots orange, rutabagas brown and apples red.

When the chlorophyll process slows down, carotenoids make an appearance. That’s what gives leaves either their red, orange or red color.

Posted: October 20, 2015